Competitive Small Grant Awards Program

The CLIME competitive small grant awards program supports innovative medical education research and curricular projects, locally and across the WWAMI region. $20,000 is distributed each year to support projects at the University of Washington. Principal Investigators (PIs) of funded projects are required to present at a work-in-progress session to foster ongoing project development and disseminate knowledge. PIs of unfunded projects are invited to consult with CLIME leadership to help improve their projects for future CLIME and other grant submissions.

*2020 CALL FOR PROPOSALS will open IN Early JANUARY*

For more information:

“Use of Visual Arts Program in Enhancing Empathy and Self Reflection Among Palliative Care Clinicians”

Lee Burnside, MD, MBA; Clinical Assistant Professor, Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine


  • Robert A. Pearlman, MD, MPH, Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $3,588

Abstract: This pilot study aims to assess the impact of using a formal method of art observation and reflection on improving clinical skills of understanding psychosocial, spiritual, and emotional context, as well as self-care practices by University of Washington Palliative Care fellows (n-5). The ability to observe and assess the context in which a clinical situation occurs is critical in palliative medicine and is a core component of ACGME competencies in palliative care fellowship. Likewise practice in self-reflection and self-care are also cornerstones of advanced palliative care training. However, formal training in these “soft skills” is limited. We propose assessing the effect of Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) on advancing the above skills. VTS is a formal method of programmed visual observation and reflection.3-6  We will utilize VTS in a museum setting (Seattle Frye Art Museum) with an art educator trained in VTS techniques. Quantitative and qualitative measures will be used to assess the program’s effect using validated empathy and mindfulness measures, as well as thematic assessment of participant discussions. We will also assess the programs effect on reaching ACGME milestones specific for palliative care fellowship.

“Novel Approach for Teaching How to Confront Difficult Clinical Encounters Dealing with Bias and Discrimination”

Daniel Cabrera, MD; Clinical Assistant Professor, General Internal Medicine


  • Kali Hobson, MD - Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Washington

  • Roberto Montenegro, MD, PhD, Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Seattle Children

Grant Amount: $5,000

Abstract: A growing awareness about the role of implicit bias in field of medicine has led to increases in a call to action. Numerous studies have shown that healthcare providers and patients carry biases that alter the provider-patient relationship and even fracture therapeutic alliances. Medical students are in a unique position as learners and experience bias and discrimination from a number of different roles. Many students witness acts of bias and discrimination from healthcare providers that are aimed at patients, healthcare providers or other learners. Students can also be the direct target of bias and discrimination from supervisors, patients and other health professionals. Medical school curriculums are including more of this content for not only students but faculty as well. However, the majority of this content is didactic in nature and provides little practical skills for how students will react and respond to episodes of bias and discrimination in their future clinical practice. This project is an initial step in building a larger curriculum that seeks to educate students and faculty on best approaches for recognizing, responding and mitigating bias and discrimination. Early content will use modalities of video content, in-person workshops, role-playing and simulation directed at students and clinical faculty at the UWSOM.

“Effect of a Physician Assistant Student on Preceptor Productivity”

Timothy C. Evans, MD, PhD, FACP; Associate Professor, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Physician Assistant Program


  • Keren H. Wick, PhD, Associate Professor, MEDEX Northwest-Family Medicine, University of Washington

  • Jennifer Erickson, PA-C, Lecturer, Tacoma Site Director, MEDEX Northwest, Family Medicine

  • Vanessa Bester, PA-C, Assistant Professor, Associate Director, Augsburg University Physician Assistant Program

Grant Amount: $5,000

Abstract: Guided clinical experience is a critical component of a physician assistant (PA) student’s education. However, clinical precepting is strongly perceived to have deleterious effects on productivity. This study seeks to build on a pilot project to evaluate the effect that PA students have on clinical productivity. Methods: We will recruit PA programs across the country (through the PA education association) to collect productivity data during 3 weeks of preceptor clinical practice – one week without a PA student present and 2 weeks with a PA student present (one week early in the students family medicine clinical rotation and a second week late in the rotation). Productivity is based on relative value units (RVUs) per preceptor per half-day during the 3 data collection weeks. Expected results: We expect statistically meaningful results regarding PA student effect on preceptor clinical productivity and insight into organizational and/or pedagogical features that affect productivity. These insights can be used for more successful recruitment and orientation of preceptors.

“Understanding Resident Experience in Caring for Dying Patients”

Amy Trowbridge, MD; Acting Assistant Professor, Pediatrics, Division of Bioethics and Palliative Care, Seattle Children’s Hospital


  • Laura Buck, MD, Internal Medicine, Division of Palliative Care - University of Washington

  • Lindsay Gibbon,MD, Internal Medicine - University of Washington

  • Ruth Engelberg, PhD, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine - University of Washington

  • Helene Starks, PhD, MPH, Bioethics and Humanities -University of Washington

  • Caroline Hurd, MD, Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine -University of Washington

Grant Amount: $3,185

Abstract: Pediatric and internal medicine residents receive little formal training in the care of a dying patient and often feel unprepared for this experience of residents caring for actively dying patients form an emotional, cultural, and hierarchical and logistical perspective. In this study, 10 UW pediatric residents and 10 UW internal medicine residents with prior experience caring for a dying patient will be recruited to participate in one-on-one semi structured interviews regarding their knowledge and skill in caring for a dying patient as well as the effect of emotional factors, cultural norms, and team roles/hierarchy on experiential learning. Interviews will be transcribed verbatim and content analyses will be conducted with deductive coding to generate thematic findings. Keys characteristics of the resident experience will be described, and pediatric and internal medicine experiences will be compared to identify universal versus specialty-specific educational concerns. Findings will inform the development of future curricula to improve resident practical knowledge, maximize opportunities for effective experiential education, and mitigate emotional distress.

“Critical Dialogues and Reflections: Theory of Communicative Action Based Curriculum to Foster Competency for Judgment, Culture of Care, and Resident Authenticity at a Family Medicine Residency Program”

Morhaf Al Achkar, MD; Assistant Professor, Family Medicine


  • Valerie Ross, MS, Family Medicine, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $4,000

Abstract: Residency programs are ascribed the intricate and complex role of training future health care providers. To move our residency closer to fulfilling this role, a Theory of Communicative Action based curriculum for resident learning will be developed. In this curriculum, residents at the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Program will engage in critical dialogues and reflections with their peers and their attendings in small groups as they review video recordings of their interactions with their actual patients. Our theoretical framework will allow participants to engage not only in judging competency but also in dialoguing around norms and values and around their subjective authentic experiences. During these critical dialogues and reflections residents will move closer to the aims of (1) developing competency in judging clinical performance, (2) cultivating a culture of understanding and care among participants, and (3) enacting authenticity. We will use a qualitative approach to understand resident experience in this model. This innovative framework will transform training in the residency and support the educational needs of our residents.

“Taking the Next Step – Improving Interprofessional Faculty Curriculum Development Skills”

Amber K. Fisher, PharmD, BCACP; Co-Director, Boise Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education, Pharmacy Residency
         Program Director, Boise VAMC


  • India King, PsyD, Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington; AD for Evaluation & Performance Improvement, Psychology Faculty, Boise VAMC Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education; Primary Care Psychologist, VISN 20 V-IMPACT Hub, Boise VAMC

Grant Amount: $4,000

Abstract: The Boise VAMC’s interprofessional faculty development series has involved highly skilled educators who participate in ongoing seminars and workshops to improve their teaching skills.  Currently the Boise Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education (CoEPCE) faculty oversee this educational series, ensuring quality speakers, useful topics, workshops, journal clubs and other activities which are provided to a group of interprofessional clinical educators in our facility.  To better engage mid-career, experienced clinical educators in effective teaching, we propose a program to support teaching faculty from different professions to develop and implement small, time limited curriculum development projects using quality improvement (QI) principles and techniques. 

“Development and Validation of a Milestone-based Prenatal Counseling Communication Scale”

Megan M. Gray, MD; Assistant Professor, Pediatrics


  • Taylor L. Sawyer DO, MEd, Associate Professor, Pediatrics - Neonatology, University of Washington

  • Rachel A. Umoren MBBCh, MS, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatrics - Neonatology, University of Washington

  • Jennifer Kett MD, MA, Pediatric Complex Care Support Team, Multicare Marybridge Children’s

  • Jeanne Krick MD, Neonatal and Ethics Fellow, Pediatrics - Neonatology, University of Washington

  • Patrick Motz DO, MPH, Neonatal Fellow, Pediatrics - Neonatology, University of Washington

  • Josephine H. Amory MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Palliative
    Care/ Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Washington

  • Heather French MD, MEd, Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology,
    Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Grant Amount: $5,000

Abstract: Physician-patient communication is critical to building a therapeutic relationship and ensuring patient safety but these skills are difficult to master. Prenatal counseling is particularly challenging for learners due to the life-or-death decisions being made and the need to establish a trusting therapeutic relationship with families who will often have interactions with the medical system for years to come. Despite the importance of these skills, there are no validated scales for rating the quality of prenatal counseling or providing the structured feedback that learners need to advance from novices to experts. With CLIME funding we will develop and validate a Prenatal Counseling Milestones Scale (PCMS) to assess learners across the spectrum of graduate medical education. The milestone format will enable us to identify key areas in need of development for novice providers and continuously track competency
development from the beginning of residency, to the end of fellowship training. Content validity, internal validity, and interrater reliability of the PCMS will be assessed, along with correlation with previously validated measure of empathy in the pediatric residents and fellow. Learners will also have the opportunity to receive and rate the structured feedback provided by faculty instructors using the PCMS.

“Assessment of Paramedic Surgical Skills in Simulated Emergency Cricothyrotomy”

Jonathan M. Keller, MD; Fellow, Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine


  • Amy Morris, MD, Medicine - Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of Washington

  • David Carlbom, MD, Medicine - Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $3,110

Abstract: Emergency cricothyrotomy is an important surgical skillset for medicals providers who manage patient airways. Cricothyrotomy is the common final pathway among all difficult airway management algorithms. Although it is infrequently performed, the procedure is lifesaving. Studies have documented an unacceptably high failure rate in some pre-hospital settings, and discomfort with cricothyrotomy is common among pre-hospital providers given how rarely it is clinically encountered. Evaluation tools have been developed for cricothyrotomy skill assessment and provision of learner feedback, including itemized checklists and global rating instruments, but these have never been studied in pre-hospital care providers who perform the procedure. In addition, trainer time constraints pose a significant challenge in conducting formal assessment of procedural skills. “Crowdsourcing,” using large numbers of layperson non-experts, has proven to be a useful strategy to improve and expedite assessment of trainee surgical skills, including cricothyrotomy. This too has never been evaluated in first responders. We propose a study of Paramedic cricothyrotomy skill assessment using a validated rating instrument to discriminate among participant performance, comparing expert vs crowdsourced raters.

“A Crucial Conversation: Helping Trainees Learn How to Talk to Families After Surgery”

Kathleen Kieran, MD, MS, MME; Associate Professor, Urology

Grant Amount: $3,890

Abstract: In surgical subspecialties, there is little literature on how to teach, assess, and refine communication skills in residents and fellows. A minority of urologic residency programs have formal programs to teach communication skills; the vast majority endorse modeling by attendings and other residents, without formal mechanisms for feedback and practice. Success of this methodology requires attendings to consistently model ideal behavior, and residents to critically observe. Postoperative conversations (POCs) with families is one area in which residents may not get adequate practice during training: attendings often have established relationships with patients and families, and residents often handle administrative or clinical tasks between OR cases, leaving the attending to visit with the family alone. Discussions with family members after a loved one’s surgery can be challenging, requiring rapid rapport building, efficient delivery of salient information in an emotionally charged setting, and attention to time given the use of shared resources (space) and the constraints of room turnover. This project is the first step in the development of a novel curriculum, and will assess both resident and attending comfort with POCs, identify learner-focused areas for improvement, and will inform methods to help learners refine their skills with POCs with families.


Jenelle Badulak, MD; Fellow, Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine


  • Basak Coruh, MD, Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of Washington

  • Andy Luks, MD, Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of Washington

  • Pablo Sanchez, MD, PhD, Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $4,163

Abstract: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is an advanced endovascular tool used to bypass the heart and lungs in cases of severe cardiopulmonary failure. Due to the rapidly expanding use of ECLS in adult intensive care units there is a need for ECLS education
during critical care fellowship. Currently, educational materials and available time for didactic education for adult critical care fellows are limited. We will create a pilot ECLS curriculum for University of Washington (UW) critical care fellows using multiple educational modalities including in-person lecture, a web-based tool containing modules and case scenarios, and in-person simulation. Effectiveness of this curriculum will be measured using: 1) pre- and post-curriculum knowledge and attitudinal assessment; 2) skills checklist during in-person simulation; 3) post-curriculum qualitative evaluation. Additionally, we will compare the performance of learners receiving the web-based curriculum only to those also receiving traditional in-person lectures using a quasi-experimental method. After evidencebased revisions, the web-based educational tool will be made internationally available through the
Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO)


Rebekah Burns, MD; Assistant Professor, Pediatric Emergency Medicine


  • Sara Kim, PhD; Associate Dean for Quality Improvement, University of Washington

  • Genevieve Pagalilauan, MD; Internal Medicine, University of Washington

  • Taylor Sawyer, DO, M.Ed.; Pediatrics, University of Washington

  • Rachel Umoren; Pediatrics, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $4,163

Abstract: Effective communication and teamwork skills are essential for graduating medical students. The Capstone course: Transition to Residency Series provides graduating medical students an opportunity to participate in interprofessional clinical simulations based on the the TeamSTEPPS program, an evidence-based approach to teamwork training.  The in-person simulations, also known as Team BITS, have been well-received by learners but are time intensive with many students unable to participate due to scheduling and geographic limitations.  This proposal will increase the access of students to the curriculum by implementing and evaluating a curricular innovation: TeamBITS Online - an online module consisting of didactic content and a computer-based simulation based on the same learning objectives and scenario as the in-person class.  The module will be easily accessible to students across the WWAMI region through the UW Canvas LMS. The curriculum will be evaluated by comparing TeamSTEPPS knowledge, attitudes, teamwork behaviors and participant satisfaction between in-person call and online groups. A comparative cost analysis will also be performed on faculty time, software development, and simulation center costs to provide an estimated cost per student. 


Kimberly Espinoza, DDS, MPH; Clinical Assistant Professor - Dental Pathway, Oral Medicine


  • Ashland Doomes, DMD; Oral Medicine, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $4,163

Abstract: Adults with developmental disabilities have high rates of untreated dental disease, compounded by difficulty accessing dental care. Dental school students and graduates often feel unprepared to treat patients with special needs and the care of patients with special needs is often not a high priority in the dental school curriculum. A unique program, the Dental Education in the Care of Disabilities (DECOD) Program at the UW School of Dentistry aim to improve access to care for adults with developmental disabilities through didactic and clinical training in the delivery of oral health care to this population. While some research shows that increased exposure to patients with special needs increases student comfort and willingness to treat, there is paucity of research related to whether or not providers actually treat adults with their disabilities in their practices and to what extent. This project examines, qualitatively, how dental school graduates' interest in treating adult patients with developmental disabilities is influenced by dental school curriculum as well as contextual factors within the first year out of practice.

“UWSOM Faculty Interview Project: Living with curriculum change”

David M. Hudson, PhD; Research Assistant Professor, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine


  • Lynne Robins, PhD; Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $3,350

Abstract: In fall 2015, the UWSOM implemented the first of three integrated learning phases of its new curriculum: the scientific foundations phase. This 18-month phase is comprised of 7 interdisciplinary blocks, an immersion experience, and intergrated themes and threads. It is designed to bring together basic, clinical and social sciences and incorporate evidence-based active learning methods. Block, thread, and theme planning is conducted collaboratively by teams of faculty representing all WWAMI sites; this is a significant departure from prior more Seattle-centric approaches to curriculum development and dissemination. The purpose of the proposed project is to explore the experiences of involved faculty members and give voice to their unique insights using qualitative interviews. Verbatim transcripts of recorded interviews will be analyzed thematically using an iterative constructivist approach informed by phenomenology. Our goals are to describe, interpret and illuminate faculty members' experiences and perceptions of curriculum change and to use findings to inform continuous curriculum improvement.

“A Qualitative Programmatic Evaluation of Clinical Faculty Development Needs”

Corrie McDaniel, DO; Assistant Professor, Pediatrics


  • Sahar Rooholamini MD, MPH; Pediatrics, University of Washington

  • Arti Desai MD, MSPH; Pediatrics, University of Washington

  • Susan Marshall MD; Pediatrics, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $4,163

Abstract: Nationally full-time clinical and clinician-educator faculty under-utilize mentorship. Given the importance of mentorship in early career faculty development, we established a Junior Faculty Mentorship Program (JFMP) at the University of Washington Department of Pediatrics. The JFMP meets quarterly and is structured in 2 components: a traditional featured speaker followed by 45 to 60 minutes of junior faculty small group work targeted to the overall topic of the meeting. Leveraging the benefits of small group mentorship, we developed this novel concept of a rotating, small-group mentorship model. In this model, we emphasize short, topic-specific sessions promoting group discussion, collaboration, and team-based learning concepts while minimizing the potential challenges of small group work such as coordinating schedules and competing faculty interests. Using realist evaluation methodology as a conceptual framework, the aim of this study is to gain an understanding of the lived experience of junior academic clinical faculty who participate in the JFMP through a qualitative programmatic evaluation. Ultimately, our findings will lead to programmatic and curricular refinements within the JFMP.


Anne V. Hing, MD, Professor, Pediatrics


  • Michael Cunningham, MD, PhD; Carrie Helke, MD, MS; Kelly Evans, MD; Emily Gallagher, MD, MPH; Tara Wenger, MD, PhD; Pediatrics, University of Washington

  • Yvonne Gutierrez, MD; Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles

  • Katrina Dipple, MD, PhD; Pediatrics, UCLA

  • Ophlr Klein, MD, PhD; Orofacial Sciences and Pediatrics, UCSF

  • Howard Saal, MD; Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital

Grant Amount: $4,850

Abstract: Approximately one in 400 children is born with a craniofacial anomaly. Children with craniofacial anomalies may have impairment of breathing, feeding, speech, vision or hearing, and typically undergo multiple surgeries throughout their life. Multidisciplinary team care is recommended and team pediatric care is necessary to assure that the health needs of the child with craniofacial anomalies are fully addressed at presentation and throughout childhood. Yet, many teams rely on community providers who may have limited experience in the management of children with craniofacial conditions. And, access to pediatric faculty with expertise in the care of children with craniofacial anomalies is limited. Online core curricula for medical management of craniofacial conditions is needed for learners who do not have access to expert faculty and by current faculty to improve teaching options and monitor learner update of concepts. The long-term goal of this proposal is the creation of an online series of case-based learning modules for craniofacial conditions that chronicle the longitudinal management of a child's care from infancy to adulthood and are adaptable for individual and small group learning environments. For this pilot project, we will develop content for a cleft lip/palate module, and trial the use of this learning module over a six-month period.


Ryan A. Metcalf, MD; Assistant Medical Director for Transfusion Services Laboratories; Assistant Professor, Laboratory Medicine


  • Monica Pagano, MD; Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington

  • Jennifer Andrews, MD, MSc; Pathology and Pediatrics, Stanford University

  • Sara Bakhtary, MD; Morvarid Moayeri, MD, PhD; Laboratory Medicine, UCSF

  • Sarah Barnhard, MD; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UC-Davis

  • Andrea McGonigle, MD; Pathology, UCLA

Grant Amount: $4,500

Abstract: Transfusion medicine education materials for residents are limited. The Advancing Blood KnOlwedge (ABO) Leaders project encompasses a novel approach to this problem wherein education materials are created collectively through a community of practice. As a pilot project, seven co-investigators from five west coast institutions will each have two months to create a 30-minute PowerPoint presentation, after which two other members will have two months to review and edit the presentation. Therefore, each member will create one and review two presentations (three steps total). During each step, members will also write two multiple-choice questions for those particular topics. In the end, each topic will have six questions to assess learning. At completion, seven evidence-based, peer-reviewed presentations will be available for all members to use for teaching. The presentations will also be available on our planned ABO Leaders website for all learners to access for free. We will use three methods to measure the effectiveness of these materials: 1) Post lecture quizzes using the six questions made for each topic to assess learning; 2) Administering a 20-minute validated examination at the end of each year to compare pre- and post-intervention resident competency; 3) In-service examination trends specific to transfusion medicine.


Jeff Riddell, MD; Senior Fellow, Emergency Medicine


  • Jonathan Ilgen, MD, MCR; Alisha Brown, MD; Emergency Medicine, University of Washington

  • Lynne Robins, PhD; Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington

  • Michelle Lin, MD; Emergency Medicine, UCSF

  • Jonathan Sherbino, MD, MEd; Emergency Medicine, McMaster University

Grant Amount: $2,620

Rationale: Emergency medicine (EM) educational podcasts have become increasingly popular platforms for resident learning, yet little is known about how or why residents are embracing this educational phenomenon.
Specific Aims: This qualitative study seeks to describe and understand the processes of podcast consumption among residents in ways that will inform a conceptual framework to guide future research.
Methods: We propose a grounded theory approach to understanding the value of podcasting as an educational medium based on the perceptions of the residents who consume podcasts.
Data Analysis: Grounded theory will be used to analyze the interview transcripts and develop conceptual linkages to existing theories of communication, cognition, and learning. Transcripts will be analyzed in stages. A substantive-level theory will emerge out of the stages of the coding process in ways that will ultimately culminate in a novel conceptual framework.


Tomoko Sairenji, MD, MS; Acting Assistant Professor, Family Medicine


  • Tim Evans, MD, PhD, FACP; Internal Medicine, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $5,000

Abstract: High quality outpatient learning is indispensable for medical student education. However, recruitment and retention of clinical training sites has been increasingly difficult, as primary care providers are pressured to increase clinical revenue. Though the idea that teaching medical students decreases productivity is unproven, it is a common barrier for providers to pursue clinical teaching. We seek to conduct a pilot study to investigate whether medical student teaching affects clinical productivity with a mixed methods study. Productivity will be measured by patient volume and billing data at 10-15 Family Medicine required clerkship sites, and compared with data when students are absent. Educator perception of productivity and methods for improved teaching will be collected with telephone interviews to each of these sites. Best practices of teaching methods from successful preceptors will be compiled for dissemination. This study will allow us to further our intent to explore preceptor productivity on a larger scale of family medicine educators in different settings and institutions.


Thomas Soeprono, MD; Acting Assistant Professor, Psychiatry

Grant Amount: $4,500

Abstract: Providing consistent education on a busy clinical service is challenging due to varying provider schedules and frequent, unpredictable interruptions. Despite valiant attempts to incorporate teaching into clinical practice, education is often separated in space and time from relevant clinical cases. We would like to address these challenges in clinical education by proposing an alternate educational model for incorporating teaching into clinical practice, the Layered Teaching Model (LTM).
The LTM integrates education into clinical practice using brief video lectures, maps that demonstrate clinical thinking (connecting theory and practice), and questions to help learners assess their knowledge and to facilitate larger medical team discussions, and quizzes for self evaluation. These components are “layered” into the clinical experience in a “just-in-time” format so as to diminish
the natural barriers to education in the clinical setting and enable seamless care to our patients by well-informed
physicians and students. This model is integrated into an independent learning platform that requires no introduction or administrator. The model was designed specifically for busy clinical services with unpredictable schedules like consultation services and the emergency room.


Shobha Stack, MD, PhD; Acting Instructor, Medicine


  • Jennifer Best, MD; General Internal Medicine, University of Washington

  • Christy McKinney, PhD, MPH; Oral Health Sciences, University of Washington

Grant Amount: $5,000

Abstract: In 1983, a national survey found that 50% of children born to women physicians were born during residency training. In the subsequent years, the issue of parental leave in medical training was frequently editorialized but rarely characterized across specialties until at 1993 survey which showed that maternity leave averaged less than eight weeks. There was no concurrent assessment of the consequences to the residency program or resident. We will conduct the first study in over 20 years on this topic by surveying University of Washington trainees and their program directors on parental leave. Through this survey, we will characterize parental leave practices across specialties and the factors that determine its length, assess the presence and content of parental leave policies across specialties and its effect on training and maternal well-being, and finally, determine how program characteristics influence trainee perceptions of the ideal time to have children. The results of this survey will enable us to identify potential solutions to the complex issues of staffing and education during parental leave, while maintaining resident wellness. Findings from this study will be shared with the Department of Graduate Medical Education to inform policy and disseminated by peer-reviewed publication.



Thomas R. Egnew, EdD, LICSW, Clinical Professor, Family Medicine


  • William R. Phillips, MD, MPH

  • Theodore J. Phillips Endowed Professor, Family Medicine

  • Peter R. Lewis, MD, Professor; Kimberly Myers, Pennsylvania State UCOM

Grant Amount: $2,130

Abstract: An ancient goal of medicine is the relief of suffering, yet little is known about how medical students are prepared to accomplish this. The UWSOM is currently undergoing a curriculum renewal process which incorporates the enduring values that "patient welfare comes first" and that students are protected "from harm and negative experiences" while being provided "meaningful and positive learning experiences."  Inadequate preparation to therapeutically engage suffering risks compromising patient welfare while at the same time engendering harmful and negative student experiences which mitigate meaningful and positive learning. This qualitative study involving student focus groups builds on an earlier pilot study surveying UWSOM students' perceptions of their medical education about suffering. By further exploring student perceptions of their experience of their education about suffering, we propose to gather information that supports the fulfillment of the values espoused in the UWSOM's curriculum renewal efforts.


Caroline Jeanette Hurd, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine


  • Anthony Back, MD, Professor, Department of Medicine

Grant Amount: $4,900

Abstract: Communication with patients and families facing serious illness is one of the most important skills physicians learn in training. Until recently, these skills were primarily taught by traditional paradigms in medical education such as lectures and observation. As our understanding improves about how learners learn best, this paradigm is evolving to incorporate more active participation and self-assessment that use innovative technology platforms. With a grant from the Cambia Health Foundation, I have salary support for two years to design and implement an innovative curriculum for crucial communications into the Internal Medicine and Pediatric residencies with a focus on delivering serious news and conducting family conferences. The curriculum will include self-directed modules, simulated patient practice sessions and multi-media just-in-time learning tools. As the Cambia grant only provides salary support, the CLIME grant would help fund the development of an interactive online module, as part of this curriculum, for emotional cue identification. This is a central skill for excellent patient-centered care and the module will provide practice for residents using a validated tool and then apply these new skills to a patient encounter and see how they impact patient-provider relationships.


Kari Keys, MD, Assistant Professor, Plastic Surgery


  • Jeffrey Friedrich, Plastic Surgery

  • Isaac Bohannon, Assistant Professor, Otolaryngology

  • Jason Ko, Plastic Surgery

Grant Amount: $3,000

Abstract: Background: Microsurgical skills are currently taught largely in the arena of the operating theater.  These skills are highly technical and require the acquisition of new fine motor movements and the adaptation to a two-dimensional field of view.   Technical skills such as this are particularly suited for iterative learning in a lab environment rather than the intermittent and sporadic environment of the operating room.

Methods: A novel simulation curriculum will be developed and implemented for trainees who will be performing microsurgery. The curriculum will involve didactic modules, expert video, structured and graduated hands-on practice, and assessment.

Outcomes: The curriculum will be evaluated through trainee self-assessment and expert assessment using the Global Rating Scale for the discrete multistep task of microsurgical vessel anastomosis.


Amanda Kost, MD, Assistant Professor, Family Medicine


  • Heidi Combs, Associate Professor, MD, Psychiatry

  • Eileen Klein, MD, Professor, Pediatrics

  • Lynne Robins, PhD, Professor, Medical Education

  • Patricia Kritek, MD, EDM, Associate Professor, Medicine

Grant Amount: $4,000 

Abstract: Although feedback from teacher to student is a critical component of medical education, very little is known about the experience of students giving feedback to teachers. Limited existing literature and UWSOM focus groups done with fourth year students suggests it is a negative experience. We seek to understand medical student perceptions of giving feedback to teachers through a qualitative analysis of structured interviews. This research is meant to be a companion study to a project previously funded by CLIME that is investigating the perceptions of third year clerkship faculty on receiving feedback from students. Results from both studies will help guide the creation of surveys to better understand the student and teacher experience of student generated feedback. Results can also suggest faculty development activities aimed at improving this experience for both students and teachers.


Somnath Mookherjee, MD, Assistant Professor, Medicine


  • Daniel Cabrera, MD, MPH, Clinical Instructor, Medicine

  • Christy McKinney, PhD, MPH, Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine

Grant Amount: $4,000

Abstract: Teaching during bedside rounds is an important part of the education of students and house staff.  There are many reasons to commend bedside rounding, foremost among them: patients prefer it and teachers and learners realize that it is a valuable means of learning clinical skills. However, it is challenging to teach effectively at the bedside, and there is little formal training in this skill. Our previous work has shown that peer observation and feedback of formal "conference-room” small-group teaching increases faculty confidence in several domains that are essential for optimizing teaching. In this pilot, we will evaluate a program of peer observation and feedback during bedside rounding, a setting which presents unique challenges in comparison to teaching in a structured environment away from patients. We will use a literature-based framework to train hospital medicine faculty in systematic observation and feedback of their peers' bedside teaching behaviors.  We hypothesize that peer observation and feedback will increase faculty confidence in bedside teaching and increase faculty self-reported use of key bedside teaching skills. Findings from this program will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication and workshops to faculty in other Departments who teach bedside learners.


Jennifer S. Pitonyak, PhD Assistant Professor, Rehabilitation Medicine

Grant Amount: $4,000

Abstract: Background: Lecture-based instruction is the primary pedagogical approach used in the interprofessional course REHAB 533: Disease and Diagnosis in Rehabilitation and student, faculty, and program feedback indicates a possible need to revise the current course methods. Course revision is strengthened when a structured process of program evaluation is used to examine how the delivered and experienced curriculum differs from the planned curriculum, and to assess course alignment with program curricular objectives.

Purpose: This project conducts a systematic evaluation of student, faculty, and program perceptions of current pedagogy used in REHAB 533, examines alignment of course content with program objectives, and identifies opportunities and innovations for IPE.

Methods: The project uses qualitative and quantitative program evaluation methods of interview, focus groups, survey, and curriculum mapping to synthesize findings. Implications: Course evaluation is necessary prior to revising instructional methods, as changes need to align with the curricula of all involved programs. This project addresses CLIME cores of instructional design, interprofessional collaboration & training, and educator development and informs innovative education research in these areas. 


Neil Uspal, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics


  • Jennifer Reid, MD, Assistant Professor

  • Anita Thomas, MD, Fellow, Department of Pediatrics

Grant Amount: $3,000

Abstract: Just-in-time (JIT) training is an educational modality in which procedural skills are taught to and reviewed with trainees immediately before the performance of a procedure. Seattle Children’s Hospital opened a new emergency department (ED) on April 23, 2013 containing a dedicated JIT training space. We plan to utilize this space to perform a research study to evaluate whether a structured, JIT intervention prior to a laceration repair procedure improves the technical performance of the procedure. In the standard teaching study phase, residents will receive usual training, ranging from no preparation to informal teaching in the JIT room, prior to a laceration repair. The supervising physician will then complete a mastery checklist after the procedure to determine how adherent the resident was to proper suturing technique. In the JIT training phase, residents rotating through the ED at this time will be provided a short, structured JIT training intervention by an ED supervising physician prior to suturing. The resident will then perform the laceration repair supervised by a second supervising physician. The supervising physician will once again complete a mastery checklist. We hypothesize that residents receiving the structured JIT intervention will be more adherent to correct suturing technique.