Slowing Down When You Should: Key to Expert Performance

Lecture by: Carol-anne Moulton, MD, PhD, FRACS

“Slowing down when you should” has been described as the transition from automatic to effortful functioning in professional practice. The ability to “slow down” is an important factor in expert judgment. From an educational perspective this framework provides an opportunity to teach clinical judgment in a structured and explicit manner, taking advantage of critical moments both planned and unplanned in every clinical case. Making “slowing down” moments explicit provides opportunities for self-reflection with implications for continuing improvements in practice.

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Dr. Carol-anne Moulton is an Associate Professor in the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto and Staff Surgeon with the Division of General Surgery, University Health Network. She is currently the Medical Director of the Operating Room in Toronto General Hospital and a Scientist in the Wilson Centre. Dr. Moulton's research program focuses on understanding the complexity of surgical judgment, the development of surgical expertise, and underlying causes of surgeon error.